: Differend: Phrases in Dispute (Theory and History of Literature) ( ): Jean-Francois Lyotard: Books. This original study examines Jean-François Lyotard’s philosophical concept of the differend and details its unexplored implications for literature. it provides a. Expressing the Inexpressible: Lyotard and the Differend Jacob M. Held Marquette University Department of Philosophy Coughlin Hall P.O. Box

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Jean-François Lyotard: “Le Différend,” Part One

In the libidinal philosophy, the subject is construed as one organisational structure or dispositif which channels and exploits libidinal energies.

Remember me on this computer. Catalogue Baruchello, Galerie Le Dessin, In Discours, figureLyotard takes structuralism still a dominant intellectual trend in France in the early seventies when the book was written as an example of the excesses of reason and representation.

It represents the “primary processes” of desire and libidinal intensity in which libidinal energy circulates in an aleatory fashion, not yet investing anything. These events can be interpreted in different ways, and no single interpretation will capture events accurately.

We can have an idea of such things, but we cannot match up that idea with a direct sensory intuition since sublime objects surpass our sensory abilities. The defenda nt in these cases need not give an account of reality but merely must show that the plaintiff’s account is incorrect.

As the bar slows, sometimes it invests this region, sometimes that. The case is a differend because the harm done to the victims cannot be presented in the standard of judgment upheld by Faurisson. In other words, the presentation of the phrase event is not able to be accurately represented by any particular situation. Metaphysically, Lyotard is a materialist, and for him affects must be understood as concrete material entities.

Since Descartes, the dominant model of rational thought in Western philosophy has been that of the human subject representing lytard objective world to its self.

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Affects are structured and interpreted in systems made up of dispositifslibidinal dispositions or set-ups, and society is composed of multitudes of different dispositions that compete to exploit the energies of libidinal events.

Against this notion of the inhuman, akin to what Lyotard years earlier had called the figural, is the inventiveness of another form of the inhuman, what would get us beyond the human of humanism and its grand narratives.

What is at stake in the genre of comedy, for example, is to be humorous, to make people laugh. The term “Inhuman” has two meanings for Lyotard. The two possibilities p or not-p both lead to the same conclusion Fp.

Jean-François Lyotard (1924—1998)

But new phrases regimens will need to be invented, new gestures or ways of existing together will have to be found, to get around this incommensurability.

Lyotard writes that the developments in postmodernity he is dealing with have been largely concerned with language: Resolution comes at the cost of c reating differends, so one either ceases to resolve the issue or one finds crite ria by which resolution can be seen as being more beneficial than harmful.

Lyotard gives us a few examples of types of utterances. Both are concerned with the unpresentable: Lyotard died of leukaemia in Paris on April 21, For Lyotard the subject as traditionally understood in philosophy acts as a central point for the organisation of knowledge, eliminating difference and disorderly elements. Duke University Press, The text approaches the topic of Auschwitz with the care of a mandator confronting a bull: Andreas Michel and Mark S.

Other Internet Resources [Please contact the author with suggestions. The problem is obvious. Lyotard’s description of the transformations of the libidinal band is a theoretical fiction which provides an account of how the world works through the interplay of intense, excited libidinal energies and the stable structures which exploit them and dampen their differrnd.

Jean-Francois Lyotard, Differend: Phrases in Dispute – PhilPapers

To question requires that something happen that reason has not yet known. There is a differend in this case because Aboriginal land rights are established by tribal law, and evidence for such rights may not be presentable in the law of the Australian government.

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There he took part in the May political actions, organising demonstrations for the “March 22 Movement. Consensus excludes those not in the majority who have consented to a particular practice. Lyotard argues that this is in fact what takes place in scientific research, despite the imposition of the performativity criterion of legitimation. Law, Form, EventNew York: Lyotard does not believe that there is any easy answer. Today students no longer ask if something is true, but what use it is to them.

Postmodern Conditionxxiii—xxiv This is the overarching theme of the book, which also takes up the crisis of legitimation in the sciences, which often must use extra-scientific narratives to attempt to place themselves above other kinds of narration the arts, novels, philosophy, and so forth as the final arbiter of truth, and hence is one of the last metanarratives of modernity.

Discourse contains elements of the figural poetry and illuminated texts are good examplesand visual space can be structured like discourse when it is broken up into ordered elements in order for the world to be recognisable and navigable by the seeing subject. One cannot eliminate the violence done by the necessary structure of language, but one can choose a self-reflective path throu gh language in an attempt to avoid future violence and resolve current wrongs.

How do we know when a differend has occurred? Lyotard describes the wholly impersonal as well as the personal in terms of feelings and desires, and paints a picture of the world that moves and is moved in the ways that feelings move people.

Edinburgh University Press,