TEORÍA DE ERICK ERICKSON TEORÍA PSICOSOCIAL “YO” Intensiva Positiva Vital Profundiza las etapas de desarrollo psicosexual de Freud. Erik Erikson: Teoría Psicosocial Instituto Universitario Pedagógico Monseñor Arias Noviembre, Erik Erikson Las 8 etapas. Erik Homburger Erikson was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human .

Author: Mazuzahn Gardanris
Country: Argentina
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Business
Published (Last): 22 December 2013
Pages: 176
PDF File Size: 7.52 Mb
ePub File Size: 8.70 Mb
ISBN: 928-2-19555-610-1
Downloads: 31433
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Shakalrajas

Erik Homburger Erikson born Erik Salomonsen ; 15 June — 12 May was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human beings. He may be most famous for coining the phrase identity crisis.

His son, Kai T. Eriksonis a noted American sociologist.

Despite lacking a bachelor’s degree, Erikson served as a professor at prominent institutions, including HarvardUniversity of California UC Berkeley[8] and Yale. A Review of General Psychology survey, published inranked Erikson as the 12th most cited psychologist of the 20th century.

She was married to Jewish stockbroker Valdemar Isidor Salomonsen, but had been estranged from him for several months at the time Erik was conceived. Little is known about Erik’s biological father except that he was a non-Jewish Dane.

On discovering her pregnancy, Karla fled to Frankfurt am Main in Germany where Erik was born on 15 June and was given the surname Salomonsen. Following Erik’s birth, Karla trained to be a nurse and moved to Karlsruhe.

In she married Erik’s Jewish pediatricianTheodor Homburger. InErik Salomonsen’s name was changed to Erik Homburger, and in he was officially adopted by his stepfather. The development of identity seems to have been one of Erikson’s greatest concerns in his own life as well as in his theory. As an older adult, he wrote about his adolescent “identity confusion” in his European days.

He was a tall, blond, blue-eyed boy who was raised in the Jewish religion. Due to these mixed identities, he was a target of bigotry by both Jewish and Scandinavian children. At temple school, his peers teased him for being Nordic ; while at grammar school, he was teased for being Jewish. At Das Humanistische Gymnasium his main interests were art, history and languages, but he lacked a general interest in school and graduated without academic distinction.

Uncertain about his vocation and his fit in society, Erikson began a lengthy period of roaming about Germany and Italy as a wandering artist with his childhood friend Peter Blos and others. For children from prominent German families taking a “wandering year” was not uncommon. During his travels he often sold or traded his sketches to people he met. Eventually, Erik realized he would never become a full-time artist and returned to Karlsruhe and became an art teacher.

It is through this time at his teaching job that Erik was hired by an heiress to sketch and eventually tutor her children. Erik worked very well with these children and was eventually hired by many other families that were close to Anna and Sigmund Freud. When Erikson was twenty-five, his friend Peter Blos invited him to Vienna to tutor art [8] at the small Burlingham-Rosenfeld School for children whose affluent parents were undergoing psychoanalysis by Sigmund Freud ‘s daughter, Anna Freud.


Teoria Psicosocial Erikson by Manrique Gamboa on Prezi

Anna noticed Erikson’s sensitivity to children at the school and encouraged him to study psychoanalysis at the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute, where prominent analysts August AichhornHeinz Hartmannand Paul Federn were among those who supervised his theoretical studies. He specialized in child analysis and underwent a training analysis with Anna Freud. Helene Deutsch and Edward Bibring supervised his initial treatment of an adult. Simultaneously he studied the Montessori method of education, which focused on child development and sexual stages.

In he received his diploma from the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute. This and his Montessori diploma were to be Erikson’s only earned academic credentials for his life’s work. Inwith Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in Germany, the burning of Freud’s books in Berlin and the potential Nazi threat to Austria, the family left an impoverished Vienna with their two young sons and emigrated to Copenhagen.

InErikson left Harvard and joined the staff at Yale Universitywhere he worked at the Institute of Social Relations and taught at the medical school. Erikson continued to deepen his interest in areas egik psychoanalysis and to explore connections between psychology and anthropology.

Erikson said the development of thought derived from his social and cultural studies. Inhe left Yale to study the Sioux tribe in South Dakota on their reservation. After his studies in South Dakota he traveled to California to study the Yurok tribe. Erikson discovered differences between the children of the Etaas and Yurok tribe.

This also marked the beginning of Erikson’s life passion of showing the importance of events in childhood and how society affects them.

Reikson he left Yale, and the Eriksons moved to California, where Erik had been invited to join a team engaged in a longitudinal study of child development for the University of California at Berkeley ‘s Institute of Child Welfare. In addition, in San Francisco he opened a private practice in child psychoanalysis. While in California he was able to make his second study of American Indian children when he joined anthropologist Alfred Kroeber on a field trip to Northern California to study the Yurok.

Inafter publishing the book, Childhood and Societyfor which he is best known, Erikson left the University of California when California’s Levering Act required professors there to sign loyalty oaths. He returned to Harvard in the s as a professor of human development and remained there until his retirement in In the National Endowment for the Humanities selected Erikson for the Jefferson Lecture erij, the United States’ highest honor for achievement in the humanities. Erikson’s lecture was titled Dimensions of a Erkkson Identity.

Erikson is also credited with being one of the originators of ego psychologywhich stressed the role of the ego as being more than a servant of the id. According to Erikson, the environment in which a child lived was crucial to providing growth, adjustment, a source of self-awareness and identity.

Erikson won a Pulitzer Psicodocial [29] and a US National Book Award in category Philosophy and Religion [30] for Gandhi’s Truthwhich focused more on his theory as applied to later phases in the life cycle.


In Erikson’s discussion of development, rarely did he mention a stage of development by age but in fact did refer to a prolonged adolescence which has led to further investigation into a period of development between adolescence and young adulthood called emerging adulthood.

Favorable outcomes of each stage are sometimes etapss as virtuesa term used in the context of Erikson’s work as it is applied to medicine, meaning “potencies”. Erikson’s research suggests that each individual must learn how to hold both extremes of each specific life-stage challenge in tension with one another, not rejecting one end of the tension or the other.

Only when both extremes in a life-stage challenge are understood and accepted as both required and useful, can the optimal virtue for that stage surface. Thus, ‘trust’ and ‘mis-trust’ must both be understood and accepted, in order for realistic ‘hope’ to emerge as a viable solution at the first stage.

Similarly, ‘integrity’ and ‘despair’ must both be understood and embraced, in order psicoocial actionable ‘wisdom’ to emerge as a viable solution at the last stage. On ego identity versus role confusion—ego identity enables each person to have a sense of individuality, or as Erikson would say, “Ego identity, then, in its subjective aspect, is the awareness of the fact that there is a self-sameness and continuity to the ego’s synthesizing methods and a continuity of one’s meaning for others”.

Erikson married Canadian-born American psychologist Joan Erikson in and they remained together until his death. The Eriksons had three children, the eldest of whom is the sociologist Kai T.

Their daughter, Sue Erikson Bloland, “an integrative psychotherapist and psychoanalyst”, [36] described her father as plagued by “lifelong feelings of personal inadequacy”.

Erikson died on 12 May in Harwich, Massachusetts. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people with similar names, see Eric Erickson disambiguation.

FrankfurtHesseGermany [1]. HarwichMassachusettsUS [1]. Joan Serson Erikson m.

Erik Erikson – Wikipedia

Pulitzer Prize National Book Award Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.

The New York Times. Retrieved 19 October Piscosocial 20 October Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 30 August Retrieved 3 April Retrieved 11 March Retrieved 8 March Childhood and Society 2nd ed. Cited in Englerp. Interviewed by Boag, Zan.

Erik Erikson

Retrieved 6 December Arnett, Jeffrey Jensen Erik Erikson and the American Psyche: Ego, Psidosocial, and Evolution. New Brunswick, New Jersey: An Introduction 8th ed. An Introduction 9th ed. Dimensions of a New Identity. Jefferson Lectures in the Humanities. The Life Cycle Completed extended ed.

Erikson Bloland, Sue In the Eapas of Fame: A Memoir by the Daughter of Erik H. Fadiman, James ; Frager, Robert Personality and Personal Growth 5th ed.

Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Friedman, Lawrence Jacob