Johann Gottlieb Goldberg. Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in C major (formerly attirbuted to Bach, BWV ). Composition Information ↓; Parts/Movements. Trio Sonata in C Major, BWV IV. Gigue. By Johann Sebastian Bach, John Williams, Carlos Bonell. • 1 song, Play on Spotify. 1. Trio Sonata in C. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Vinyl release of Trio Sonata No. 1 In C Major (BWV ) / Sonata For Cello And Harpsichord, Trio Sonata In .
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March 14, – Gdansk DanzigPoland Died: April 13, – DresdenSaxony, Germany Johann Gottlieb Goldberg was a German virtuoso harpsichordist, organist, and composer of the late Baroque and early Classical period.
List of chamber music works by Johann Sebastian Bach
He is most famous for lending his name, as the probable original performer, to the renowned Goldberg Variations BWV of J. A dearth of dependable biographical information and the small number of available compositions have left many details of his life and work unclear. Little is known for certain about his childhood, other than that he was a child prodigy.
He seems to have attracting the attention of Hermann Karl von Keyserlingk, the Russian ambassador to the Saxon court, who brought him from in Danzig to Dresden in the mid ‘s. The main thing that is known about Goldberg’s early life is that he was a pupil of J. Bachplaced with him for study by Keyserlingk. The most likely date for this to have happened was Bach ‘s eldest son, Wilhelm Friedemann Bachalso claimed Goldberg for a pupil.
If this was so, it is unknown whether the ten-year-old studied with W. Bach first in Dresden and was recommended to the father by him, or whether J. Bachwhen the boy had to return to Dresdenreferred him to W. One thing that is indisputable is that young Goldberg was a keyboard player of exceptional skill and virtuosity, even at the age of ten, and was already composing by then.
Bach scholar and his first biographer, Johann Nikolaus Forkel, tells the famous story that Goldberg, while in the service of Count von Keyserlingk the ambassador received this title inwas often asked to play music for him late into the night because Keyserlingk was an insomniac.
Goldberg, it is said, asked his famous teacher to provide some new music that he might play on these late night bouts. Bach responded with a massive and masterly set of keyboard variations based on an aria, which may have been by Goldberg. According to Forkel, writing insixty years after the event:. The Count was often ill and had sleepless nights.
At such times, Goldberg, who lived in his house, had to spend the night in an antechamber, so as to play for him during his insomnia. Once the Count mentioned in Bach’s presence that he would like to have some clavier pieces for Goldberg, which should be of such a smooth and somewhat lively character that he might be a little cheered up by them in his sleepless nights. Bach thought himself best able to fulfill this wish by means of Variations, the writing of which he had until then considered an ungrateful task on account of the repeatedly similar harmonic foundation.
But since at this time all his works were already models of art, such also these variations became under his hand. Yet he produced only a single work of this kind. Thereafter the Count always called them his variations.
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He never tired of them, and for a long time sleepless nights meant: The Count presented him with a golden goblet filled with louis-d’or. Nevertheless, even had the gift been a thousand times larger, their artistic value would not yet have been paid for.
The story is now considered doubtful. One of the traditional grounds for attack is the sophisticated nature of the aria, which would have been written by a boy scarcely older than Another is that when it was published inthe printed edition contains no dedication, either to Keyserlingk or to Goldberg. On the other hand, there was frequent contact between J. Keyserlingk’s own son was a student at the University of Leipzig in those years and Goldberg accompanied the Count when he made the short trip from Dresden.
However, when Keyserlingk’s changing duties took him to Potsdam inGoldberg apparently was not with him. In the next few years Goldberg disappears from the record. From to he served again Keyserlingk in Dresden. According to a letter by W. Bachand Keyserlingk. He died of tuberculosis at the age of 29 and was buried in Dresden on April 15, Works With such a short career, Johann Gottlieb Goldberg left a slender catalogue that survives to this day.
His works, while much less famous than the composition by J. Bach that used his name, varied widely in style, showing influences from most of the musical trends during that transitional period in music history. The influence of both J.
Bach is clear in Goldberg’s music. At the beginning of his career, Goldberg wrote music very much in the style of J. Bachand vwv that bsv story he studied with the famous composer may be true.
These include six trio sonatas, at least two preludes and fugues, and two church cantatas. Bach seems to have held Goldberg in high repute, even encouraging him to write cantatas for his own churches in Leipzig.
One of the cantatas was apparently performed in Leipzig by J.
Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in… | Details | AllMusic
A composition of Goldberg, the Trio Sonata in D major was even accepted as being by the master himself. It was mistakenly published by BG in as a work of J. Bachand entered the Schmieder catalogue as BWV It is still often listed under his name.
Soon Goldberg adopted the quickly evolving galant style that is recognised as the first version of the Classical style.
His later works show that he was sensitive to the popular tastes of the Dresden court, especially in his use of the galant style. Some of his last works, especially the concertos, use asophisticated harmonic language akin to that of J. Bach ‘s son C. Goldberg’s music has arching, widely sweeping melodies, a degree of chromaticism that is unusual for the age, and an equally unusual amount of syncopation.
These distinctive features support the view 1073 Goldberg was a composer of particular imagination who was near developing into a strongly individual composer at his untimely death. The above mentioned works employ strict fugal counterpoint and chromatic part-writing directly modelled in J.
Bach ‘s late works. A keyboard sonata and two keyboard concertos, however, are more in the style of C. Bachand Goldberg’s set of polonaises, one in each of the major and minor keys, recalls W. Bach series of 12 such pieces. He also wrote a set of chorale preludes which has been lost. His sister Constantia Renata, whom he taught, was praised by the composer and writer J. Reichardt for her ‘unbelievable dexterity and strength’ in playing Goldberg’s works. All Music Guide Author: Oxford Composer Nwv J.
Bach Oxford University Press,Article author: Part 1 Part 2 Works previously attributed to J. Bach’s library, was performed by J. London, Macmillan Publishers Ltd.
Schirmer, [Contains an extensive preface by the editor and a facsimile of the original title page] E. April 13, – DresdenSaxony, Germany. Johann Gottlieb Goldberg was a German virtuoso harpsichordist, organist, and composer of the late Baroque and early Classical period.
According to Forkel, writing insixty years after the event: With such a short career, Johann Gottlieb Goldberg left a slender catalogue that survives to this day. Short Biography Cantata Durch die herzliche Barmherzigkeit. Part 1 Part 2. Bach in Leipzig c